Pelvic Pain Causes and Treatment

Pelvic pain

There are two pelvic pain diagnoses; these are acute ( suddenly and unexpectedly) and chronic (consistent for 6 months or more). Men and woman can experience pelvic pain and the impact it has on the pelvis or lower abdomen, but men can also suffer from pain in their bladder, genitalia, groin or perineum.

Pelvic pain in pelvis
Credit: Getty Images Ltd.

Chronic pelvic pain

Although the specific culprit is rarely identified, health conditions such as pelvic adhesions, endometriosis, IBS, musculoskeletal issues and painful bladder syndrome are just some of possible causes of pelvic pain and the condition should be treated as appropriate. There tends to be a pattern of outbreaks; these typically occur around mealtimes, when using the toilet, after or during sex or during menstruation. Despite being as common and as incapacitating as migraine, the symptomatic issues reported by patients are sadly marginalised or disregarded.

Diagnoses and treatment

To ensure the accuracy of the diagnoses, doctors will review a patient’s full medical history that will typically involve a physical examination and radiological research.  Treatment will be prescribed following a detailed pelvic floor assessment and functionality of the surrounding organs and most importantly the everyday impact of symptoms suffered by individuals. Treatment minimises the symptomatic impact suffered by patients and can provide patients with greater insight into their condition. Pelvic pain treatment may incorporate an array of neve blockers, multi-purpose medication, counselling, patient management and physical therapy for mobility and muscles throughout all affected areas.

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